Meaning of Hybridization in Biology

Hybridization in biology is simply defined as the interbreeding between two unrelated species to create a hybrid that may be created for a commercial use.

Hybridization, therefore, entails the process of mating two organisms belonging to two different species to create an organism possessing the qualities of both organisms.

In reproductive biology, hybridization means the act or process of mating organisms of different varieties or species to create a hybrid. It’s something like cross-breeding. Tigers and mules are examples of animal hybrid.

In the molecular biology process of forming a double-stranded nucleic acid from joining two complementary strands of DNA(or RNA) (as in nucleic acid hybridization).

Advantages of Hybridization

(1)    Two species combine to form the best of the organism.

(2)    Hybrid plants are physically uniform. This is manly advantageous for farmers who harvest with machines, but it is usually not a big deal for small greenhouse gardeners.

(3)    Hybridization help in getting different species of animals.

(4)    They pass along favorable traits and prolong the survival of threatened or endangered species.

(5)    They (hybrids) often show greater vigor and faster growth

(6)    Hybrids can have up to 25 (twenty-five) percent higher yield.

(7)    They result in the formation of organisms that possess various qualities such as disease resistance, stress resistance, and so on.

(8)    In animals such as humans, hybridization help in the detection of the presence of amplified genes in cancer and to map out their location.

(9)    Hybridization creates room for better adaptation of new species.

Valentine's Day Freestyle with Guitar - Smart-G Music

Freestyle with Guitar - Smart-G amp Grace Boy Smart-G Music Smart-G and Grace Boy are young talented solo-artists with unstoppable zeal in music and in other careers of life They

Eight Lovely Ways to Move on after a Breakup - Advanced

Lovely Ways to Move on after a Breakup Have you experienced a heartbreak that led to breakup lately Has your boyfriend girlfriend cheated on you and you break up with

Disadvantages of Hybridization

(1)    The process of hybridization is quite expensive costing up to five times the value of the normal process.

(2)    They suffer more than the normal plants if not provided with the normal requirements.

(3)    They have difficulty finding mates and successfully breeding.

(4)    It can lead to the extinction of some species. For example, a Blue-winged Warbler and a Golden-winged warbler mated and created a new type of bird. The new bird was able to mate with each other and the parental types. There were no signs that the two species were fusing back into one, so it seems that the Blue-winged warbler is replacing the Golden-winged warbler because the other type of bird or the Blue-winged warbler continued mating with other Blue-winged warbler and out-competing the Golden-winged warbler.

(5)    High risk of uncertainty: You may end up losing the original hybrids.


Read Also:

Best Ways to Improve your Intelligence, Must Read for All Students 

10 Beautiful Ways To Prevent Cheating In A Relationship

Cheating in Relationship Marriage Cheating occurs severally in most every relationship marriage In fact it is more rampant between partners in a relationship than married couples This is because marriage

The Effect of Neocolonialism on Africa: Nigeria as a Case Study

What better word portrays the act of the leaders of the country Nigeria Several studies on the theme of neocolonialism have been conducted and are still going on to examine

Human Histology of the Bone

Introduction Bone is a mineralized connective tissue that exhibits four types of cells osteoclasts bone lining cells osteocytes and osteoclasts Bone exerts important functions in the body such as locomotion

MADMAN ON THE TRIGGER -Justus Onuh - Hilarious

MADMAN ON THE TRIGGER It was exactly pm when we arrived in Ikenifite town I would often steal glances at Kate to read her feelings but that made me feel

WhatsApp chat

Pin It on Pinterest

Share This

Share This

Share this post with your friends!