Is Punishment a Matter of An Eye for an Eye?
Are you indecisive about the question ‘ Is Punishment a matter of an Eye for an Eye?’ You will definitely know the answer to this question today.
At the end of this article, you will see reasons to agree with me whether Punishment is a matter of an eye for an eye.
The Concept of Punishment
Punishment is an ethical issue which discusses harm or privations meted on an individual in reaction to an act he/she had indulged himself/herself. Punishment as an ethical theory, plays itself out on the stage of disturbing and immediate issues that need serious attention.
Others (other ethical issues/ theories) which can be considered in this like stage are Abortion, Euthanasia, Sexual orientation, Enhanced medical techniques among others. But it calls to reason that I limit my writing to punishment as an ethical discourse in this paper.
Speaking about punishment one must not fail to take into cognizance that punishment is as a result of wrongdoings. For most philosophers, punishment is just, while others argue against the concept. As expected, there ought not to be a consensus on this subject matter.
Punishment is divided into two categories
Corporal Punishment is otherwise called a mild punishment because it aims to correct the individual. One must call to mind that ‘Corporal has it root, in Latin ‘ Corpore’ which means ‘flesh, body.
So any punishment melted on the individual (body or any faculty he /she possesses) without aim to be corporal punishment. Prison term, forfeiture of one’s properties, community service and their likes can be considered corporal punishment.
Capital Punishment is punishment which aims to cause a grave damage to the offender. Here, punishment and reactions / repercussions are melted in their extremity as to inflict pain (often times unbearable on the individual. Capital punishment may come in form of death sentence and subsequent execution, mutilation of the sense or any part of the body.
Having briefly discussed these, it is necessary to know why punishment exists, in the view of some philosophers.
Why Punishment Exists in the Views of Some Philosophers
Thomas Aquinas believed that Freedom comes with Responsibility. Man possessing freedom means that he should be able to bear whatever his freedom of choice(Choosing) results to.
This then, if his choice is good and the end is good, he is rewarded ; if his choice is bad and the end is bad(evil), then he is equally rewarded – the rewards here is termed as Punishment.
Conclusively, punishment is because man has freedom.
For the Utilitarian, there should be punishment so as to:
- Deter potential offenders
- Incapacitate offenders
- Rehabilitate offenders
From the arguments thus presented, if it is to be deduced that punishment is not an-eye-for-an-eye, rather it is to deter people from engaging in that act thus punished in the criminal.
Howbeit, there are cases where families and friends of victims of murder, theft, rape, mob action, carelessness and social mal behaviour demand punishment in reaction to the ill meted upon their loved ones. Yet, some arguments against this view can be presented as thus.
Stella H, commenting on this subject matter argues that:
No, I disagree with the statement, “eye for an eye”, because there is much more that needs to be considered before one thinks that irrationally.
There are many things that need to be looked into as to why people do certain things.
“Eye for an eye” is not only barbaric, but it is irrational. When an act is committed, people should not only consider the motive, but also the background of the person who committed the offense.
Fighting violence with violence is never the answer’.
Further, Willows Erv adds that:
I believe an eye for an eye is not a just punishment because if we were to do that for all crimes it would be a world of revenge, not justice and we would be governed by fear.
We will never know the reasons why most people do what they do but some, do it to protect families and property and taking harsh actions in return is not the answer. Sometimes lessons have to be taught, but not to condone the action that was had.
Willows concludes his argument by adding that ‘all injustices and punishment are not the same’
Oppositely, Oli Oly holds the view that:
I firmly believe that more people were punished in the same way that the crime was committed, they would think twice before doing it. No one wants to lose their fingers (or even just have their fingers bound) for stealing. No man would want to have his penis tortured for raping a woman. I definitely think more people would think before acting if this was put into place.
These views, as examined, try to explain in some way that punishment is not an eye for an eye while some believe that it is an eye for an eye. Yet, one can see that there can be no consensus when it comes to issues like this.
I then believe that if punishment is to be an eye for an eye, it means that whatever crime one commits shall be.