Freedom in Ethical Discourse

Freedom in Ethical Discourse

Introduction

Freedom is as old as the existence of man. It is a general term used in everyday activity mostly to express how free one is in his or her actions. But, freedom in ethical discourse cuts across critical and rational discussions alongside many disciplines. This is because, no matter how free man is, everywhere seems to be in chains – Jean-Jacques Rousseau.

Freedom comes with personal consciousness to choose to act freely in a certain way rather than the other. Thus, freedom in ethical discourse comes with choice and freewill. Hence, one is free to choose or not to choose. But, do you know that “even when one chooses not to choose, he/she ends up making a choice (choosing)”?

However, if there is no policy, there is no freedom, and if there is no freedom, there is no action. To deprive a man of his action is to reduce him to the level of animals. This above statement by Hannals Arendt goes far to emphasis the essentials of man’s freedom as that which authenticate him as a dynamic creature different from brutes and animals.

The Concept of Freedom in Philosophy

Freedom is referred as “self-evident truth” and it is upon this axiomatic assumption that laws are laid down in human Communities, decisions taken and judgment are passed.

In the history of philosophy and social thought, freedom has a specific use as a moral and a social concept. Generally, it refers either to circumstances which arises in the relations of the world today.

Freedom is likened to be in relation with Right; when one says ‘it is my right to make speeches that please me’, and when one positions that ‘I have Freedom of Speech’. In the course of this discourse, the concept freedom will be clarified and its (freedom) essences make known as coherent as possible. Let’s discuss the different definitions of Freedom.

Definition of Freedom:

The various meaning of the term “freedom” centers around three major themes.

  1. The first is the possibility of the subject to act as man wills to satisfy his tendencies, aspiration etc (freedom of actions as opposed to constraint, servitude etc. civil and political liberties, etc.)
  2. The second is the power of self-determination without any necessitation in willing. If only from the pressure of the nature slightly distinct form the ego (freedom of willing, freewill as opposed to Necessity).
  3. The third is the fulfillment of reasoning subject by the internal domination of reason, of superior motivations over feeling and over inferior motivations (rational freedom).

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Freedom is the faculty which man enjoys in determining himself to an action and to bring its cause, after haven taken consciousness of the considerations that such an action carries for life. Man is a free being within and without, beneath and above.

Freedom is man’s true self without which he ceases to be what he is, a being unto God, the image of the creator, the matter of the universe of creations, the dynamic being. For man to achieve greatness as desired by God, the creator, man has to be free.

Freedom according to Baptista Mundin, is “another great window for looking into the mystery of man.” With freedom, man is not only simply the master of his own acts, but also of himself. He is the master of his own becoming, more precisely, of that which he will become, an honest citizen a laborious worker, a generous woman, an ernest mother.

Freedom implies the dignity, the excellence and nobility of the human person, without which life for the individual is altered and for the society, a total chaos and the general state of anarchy. Man’s freedom is not only a quality describing an aspect of his life, but the dynamics of his being, a power giving direction and meaning to the very value that man holds most desirable life.

Types of Freedom

There are two types of freedom. They are as follows;

  1. Exercise Freedom
  2. Specification Freedom

N:B There are many other types of freedom according to different categories. But, we shall be discussing the two mentioned above.

Exercise Freedom

Freedom of exercise is that between contradictory alternatives; it is the freedom of an agent to act or not to act in an absolute sense. In any given situation, a man who is rational can will to act or will not to act. Man has this sort of freedom as a voluntary agent always, and here, freedom relates to the interior act of willing or not willing by the moral agent. The voluntary act and the free act, for all practical purposes are identical.

Specification Freedom

On the other hand, freedom of specification presupposes freedom of exercise and looks further to some objects specifying the act to be done by the agent. It is the choice of this alternative rather than that or, more precisely, the choice of this means in relation to a desired end.

The free act as choice, therefore, is concerned with means properly, not with ends as ends. To will an end as an end is not a matter of choice but a matter of simple willing; an act of the will which centers precisely on the means is the act of choice. When reference is made to human freedom in moral context, it is usually this freedom of specification that is meant.

Many philosophers have contributed in the definition of the term “freedom” from the ancient era of philosophy.

Kinds or Forms of Freedom

  1. Physical Freedom

This is a man’s freedom from external constraint; that is freedom from all kinds and forms of oppressive force against man’s choice and voluntariness. This physical freedom is the immunity from physical constriction.

2. Moral Freedom

This is the absence of constriction through oppressive force of moral order such as reward, punishments, laws, and threats; it is the power to choose and to determine oneself. However, man’s freedom is the freedom of choice of moral goodness, to choose the good and to avoid the evil. Meanwhile, the fear of the aftermaths of man’s action makes him act in an opposite direction, he acts for good to receive reward and praise, but if he acts contrary to the good, he receives punishments.

3. Psychological Freedom

Psychological freedom is man’s capacity to choose to do anything when all necessary conditions for acting are present. It is the sovereign control over the situation by which the will holds in its hands the power to make the choice fall in favour of one of various alternative possibilities.

Psychological freedom therefore, is the absence of pressure on the part of other human activities on our will, intellect or passion to perform acts in a determined way “man is a social being, open to values and communication with others and as such to be free from social influence and is therefore to be psychologically free.

4. Political Freedom

Political freedom is the absence of any form of political pressure of man. It is the freedom of the citizens of the state to exercise their political rights uninhabited. These includes the basics of political rights, the right to vote, the right to hold office, the right to participate in making political decisions, the right to associate with others of like views and to criticize the government.

5. Social Freedom

This is the freedom from social determinism; it is the freedom of socialization and the absorption of the growth of the functions of groups, associations, and institutions having religious, social, economic, cultural, professional and political ends which operates for the good of the states.

The examination of the various kinds of freedom, clarifies to some extent what we mean by the term freedom, as that faculty which man enjoys determining himself to an action and to being its cause and author. Form the ongoing; we can see that freedom touches every aspect of man’s life. In this vein, Mundin says that freedom is “an unequivocal sign of man’s physical and spiritual dimension.”

The Essence of Freedom

The proof of the existence of freedom is necessary, in the sense of its validity beyond experience or any philosophical and scientific claims against its existence. The essence of freedom elucidates the need of man having or obtaining freedom. It explains the importance of freedom to man.

Firstly, freedom enables man to choose on which actions or activities to follow. This act of choice is one of the attributes of a human being. This is because one of the reasons of man’s rationality is to be able to dictate the good and the bad and having the right or freedom to make a choice. This therefore, explains man as not being a total determined being.

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Secondly, freedom allows the human conformability. This is because in freedom one becomes comfortable and should be hold responsible for his actions, hence the advent of the moral agent.

The comfortability here is that the moral agent is no more on determinism of something or mandatory doing something. Here, the human person exercises an act of choosing to do or not to do and at his or her own convenient time.

Thirdly, freedom enables us to participate in the human activities and on this, we exercises over fundamental human right especially in political aspect of freedom. It also enables us to associate, socialize and interacts with other creatures in the human environment. It also puts into our consciousness, the right to choose the religion of our choice and participate in its activities.

Fourthly, freedom widens our knowledge in knowing some of our right and what is not our right in the society at large. Through this means, freedom can be said to be a form of education to human being. It is through it that we gained the opportunity of searching and researching for what will help in the skyrocketing of human being beings and its environment.

Conclusion

Freedom plays a significant role in the relationship between one and another. In other words, freedom is an important concept which works with consciousness and choice.

Drawing from the above explanations, one could attest that Freedom is though guided, moderated and regulated by the laws and rules set up in the society, but its essences are moreover unlimited both in ethics and other disciplines.


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Human Condition: Implication for Moral Responsibility

Human Condition: Implication for Moral Responsibility

The Human Condition: Implication for Moral Responsibility

Discourse on human condition is a very broad topic which has been and continues to be pondered and analyzed from many perspectives.  About the human conditions, one talks about the characteristics , key events and situations which compose the essentials of human existence, such as birth, growth, emotionality, aspiration, conflict and mortality. When we do not take human condition to be non-philosophical, this term is typically used to show meaning of life and moral concerns.

The palingenesis of this contemporary discourse is not only a contemporary challenge but a perennial issue. How do these conditions imply moral judgments and have its roots in the existence of man? These are pertinent questions which need to be answered.

As we see. This study again introduces the notion of moral responsibility and we cannot unite the notion of the philosophical discourse on human conditions with the issue of moral responsibility. What we should do then would be to take the term, human conditions, in its non-philosophical extension which covers the issue of moral concerns.

We cannot discuss moral responsibility without bringing in the notion of freedom and responsibility. Thus, we are forced to bring in the concept freedom and responsibility into the notion of human condition. This makes us add freedom and rationality as part of the human condition which implies moral responsibility.

The problem identified here is how man acts without concern and check about his morality when his actions are critically evaluated. If man possesses freedom and rationality, why do not these work in synergy? Why does not rationality keep a check on freewill to remind it that it is about to perform actions that are going to be evaluated?

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The universality of rationality and freewill is put into question where if these are universal, why do some people act irrationally and others do the opposite? The actions which result from the laissez-a-faire attitude of man has contributed lots of problems which are experienced in the society and to which the solution appears to not be near.

The purpose of this study, therefore, is to cause an introspection and re-introspection on the actions we carry out and make a conscious effort to remind ourselves that our end is still revolving around our human condition, which is death. Thus, we need to make a mark and make an impact before we faze out of existence.

On the significance of this study, one can identify that man will begin to tend towards producing positive results and recreating himself. Call to mind that this is an anthropological study which starts from man and ends in man and so the effect will only be seen in the attitude of man.

The Human Condition

Man has been conceived over the ages to be many things and has got many attributes to himself. He has been seen as homo erectus, homo faber, homo religious, homo loquens etc and these constitute man and show the conditions which make him act the way he does.

Because man is religious, we can say and understand when he performs religious activities and so, likewise other actions. On being responsible for the actions he take, we allude blames and praises to man for the actions done because he possesses freedom and rationality (voluntas et ratio).

These are attributes that are so concomitant with man that any attempt to reduce any in whatever form would be dangerous and would arise to a new class of man. And that is why we have amoral beings, who cannot be blamed for actions they take.

Although these may lay claims to being humans, we now count them off from the scope of morality because they possess neither freedom to act nor rationality.

Implication for Moral Responsibility

However, Fisher and Ravizza give requirements for the responsibility of an action and according to them what epistemic requirements for being morally responsible for performing an action are not also requirements for performing another action.

We must note that there are philosophers who believe that there are epistemic requirements for being morally responsible for acting that are not requirements for freely acting because they assume that Fisher has shown this is so.

Our responsibility is much greater than we might have supposed because it involves all mankind and by the very nature of our being man and by the possession of attributes which establish him to be able to receive blame and praise for whatever action he may take.

On morality, Zimmeran proposes that the consequences of one’s actions- even those that are actually foreseen do not add anything to the degree of worthiness of blame, over and above that accrues to her in virtue of deciding to perform a wrong action. And supporting Zimmeran’s view and defends the idea that occurrence and awareness of wrongdoing is necessary for blameworthiness.

One must then tend to say that (moral) responsibility is very closely linked with freedom and designates a person’s moral accountability for one’s actions. Liz can be responsible for an action only if it is really hers, only if its true cause is to be found in what makes of Liz a subject who is capable of self-determination. Before being responsible before others, Liz is responsible before herself.

The human conditions here focuses on the series of events that man has experienced and has formed him to be able to withstand the bad parts of life. Through the journey of man, he acquires attributes and tendencies that make him eligible to stand for moral judgment.

What is to be Done?

With the realization of man’s eligibility to stand for moral judgments because of his possession of freedom and rationality, there is a need to put every of our actions under thorough scrutiny before eventual execution so that we may not be found wanting in moral judgments. We must reflect on the consequences of our actions because there seems no escape route except answering for our actions once the deed has been done. 

Conclusion

The human conditions we have identified in the course of this study puts man on the moral judgment road and he must be wary of his actions these conditions and attributes have established him as a moral agents who stands trial for whatever at he does.


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Pragmatic Relevance of Amos Cornelius Educational Experience & Theory

Pragmatic Relevance of Amos Cornelius Educational Experience & Theory

What is the Pragmatic Relevance of Amos Cornelius Educational

  • Amos Cornelius Theory of Education
  • Its Pragmatic Relevance in Application

Amos Cornelius(1592 – 1670 AD) of Moravia (present day Czechoslovakia or the Czech Republic, is a great theologian, a teacher and educationist who learnt on-the-job.

In his contribution to the education, he posited that the aim of education is to develop human intellect to enable it study, discover and understand nature so as to come to the knowledge of God. He believes that man is at the center of all things in nature and in turn the study of the mysteries of natural, inevitable right of every man since by nature everyone is endowed with the ability to know God. This led to the establishment of Adult and special education.

Amos wrote two important books, The Great Dialectic, which dealt with “how to teach”, and Obis Pictus (The world in pictures); which emphasized the use of variety of materials as teaching aids for illustration and demonstration in classroom. These serves as his teaching methods.

He gave great support for general studies and favoured universal education, ensuring everyone had a chance to be educated from childhood to adulthood. each period last for 6 years.

Again, Cornelius recommended a central but internationally co-coordinating body like NUC. The function of this body is to co-ordinate and unify on international basis, on peace, harmony. Such body includes ECOWAS, UNO, WHO etc.

However, he said that the curriculum should not be crowded, burdensome, or tedious and force or coercion should not be used in teaching a child. He encouraged reading and comprehension and also suggested that the learning environment should be comfortable and conducive to minimize distractions for both the teacher and the learner. He indicated that the school compound should be plated with decorative trees and also have recreational facilities.

Pragmatic Relevance of Amos Cornelius Educational Theory

The pragmatic and the feasibility aspect of this theory can be evaluated in the aspect of children being able to register information very quickly through seeing pictures and hearing, listening. Again, the activities of education should not be; left in the hands of individuals or totally abandoned because it would amount to abuse of education in the state. .

We see that it was because of Amos Cornelius’ exhortation that we have bodies like the NUC, Ministries of Education and other similar agencies that keep watch over education and its related activities. These agencies keep check over the functions of people involved in educational affairs and make sure that the standard is kept. Of course, countries that keep up to this exhortation like the US, Canada, France, Australia and some other western countries now top the education ratings in the world. That’s the pragmatism of the theory of Amos Cornelius’ theory.

One can easily identify this stance from the point of view that he was a theologian. However, Amos Cornelius, as a layman also laid down what we may call educational experience tenets for all to follow. These are contained in his two magnum opus THE GREAT DIALECTIC  and ORBIS PICTUS. In these works, Amos Cornelius argued that pictures should be used in teaching.

In our contemporary time, we say pictures say a thousand words. So, it is from this point of view that people argue for the sustenance of Amos’ theory. Cornelius also said that there should be institution of bodies to take charge of the regulation of educational activities in a state.

He also advocated that teachers who are godly and religious be only employed and allowed to train the children.


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Pentecostalism & End-time Preachers: Avoid Their Deceit

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Pentecostalism & End-time preachers: Avoid Their Deceit 

Pentecostalism is a charismatic religious movement that gave rise to a number of Protestant churches in the United States in the 20th century and that is unique in its belief that all Christians should seek a post conversion religious experience called baptism with the Holy Spirit.

In this definitive term I can figure out a point which is ‘’ post conversion religious experience called baptism with the holy spirit, one in union with the holy spirit should bear in mind that the apex of one’s religious life and his communion with Christ ought to be centred on the love of Christ which is carrying his cross and not marketing the gospel.

The society we are into today is in a state of confusion religiously.

I believe as Christians and children of God we ought to imitate Christ and reflect towards his evangelical roles an leave an exemplary lives and reject all sorts of deceit. 

The Truth Untold

Nobody should use demon to frighten or excite you.

Who told you that a spiritual husband or wife makes you a spinster or bachelor for life.

In any case why did you accept the proposal of a spiritual husband?

How can you have a spiritual husband only your maker is your husband.

Do you mean God will be there and another spirit will come and marry you?

When God says I am a jealous God.

You see ignorance is a big problem.

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Beware that some of these things are cosmetic lies or cosmetic fabrications of Pentecostalism, some of you have books that explains dreams for them.

Some of these things are simplistic explanations of Natural human condition.

Mary and Martyr were the closest females to Jesus, where they married?

Did you ever here that they got engaged and were married? But they were the closest to Jesus.

Go through the Bible/ scripture, there were so many women that God used mightily they were not married not because they didn’t want to marry but they couldn’t get married.

Every little thing is attributed to spiritual connotation.

Some of these things are simplistic explanations of Natural human condition.

Mary and Martyr were the closest females to Jesus, where they married?

Did you ever here that they got engaged and were married? But they were the closest to Jesus.

Go through the Bible/ scripture, there were so many women that God used mightily they were not married not because they didn’t want to marry but they couldn’t get married.

Every little thing is attributed to spiritual connotation.

If you don’t marry, spiritual husband

If you marry and you didn’t give birth it is still spiritual husband..What a cacophony!

Why this brouhaha about spiritual husband?

These concept have long been held before us many people rose above it! All these explanations you are given, where are they found in the scripture?

The women that were barren in the scripture did the prophets of God tell them that their barreness was as a result of spiritual husband?

Did demons start existing in our time? What is wrong with you people?

Read the scripture to be delivered from these aberrations and perpetual ignorance.

I do not say that there are no demonic manipulations. But they are too exaggerated.

Socio-economic problems will be referred to as spiritual problems.

That is why many people will go for deliverance from poverty.

My dear brothers and sisters poverty is a socio-political and economic issue not a spiritual problem.

If deliverance and crusades were to make people rich.

Nigeria would have been like the united states, or Israel or China.

The China you go today has majority of its citizens as atheists.

But the irony of the whole matter is that, it is only in Nigeria that someone will finish Crusade and will go to China…when will this foolishness stop?

Let’s live foolishness alone

You sow seed here for breakthrough and you go to China!

China is a communist state =Communism means they don’t believe in God but they are prospering more than you and somebody will tell you that it is your ancestors that are causing your poverty.


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Meaning, Examples, Advantages & Disadvantages Hybridization in Biology

Meaning, Examples, Advantages & Disadvantages Hybridization in Biology

Meaning of Hybridization in Biology

Hybridization in biology is simply defined as the interbreeding between two unrelated species to create a hybrid that may be created for a commercial use.

Hybridization, therefore, entails the process of mating two organisms belonging to two different species to create an organism possessing the qualities of both organisms.

In reproductive biology, hybridization means the act or process of mating organisms of different varieties or species to create a hybrid. It’s something like cross-breeding. Tigers and mules are examples of animal hybrid.

In the molecular biology process of forming a double-stranded nucleic acid from joining two complementary strands of DNA(or RNA) (as in nucleic acid hybridization).

Advantages of Hybridization

(1)    Two species combine to form the best of the organism.

(2)    Hybrid plants are physically uniform. This is manly advantageous for farmers who harvest with machines, but it is usually not a big deal for small greenhouse gardeners.

(3)    Hybridization help in getting different species of animals.

(4)    They pass along favorable traits and prolong the survival of threatened or endangered species.

(5)    They (hybrids) often show greater vigor and faster growth

(6)    Hybrids can have up to 25 (twenty-five) percent higher yield.

(7)    They result in the formation of organisms that possess various qualities such as disease resistance, stress resistance, and so on.

(8)    In animals such as humans, hybridization help in the detection of the presence of amplified genes in cancer and to map out their location.

(9)    Hybridization creates room for better adaptation of new species.

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Disadvantages of Hybridization

(1)    The process of hybridization is quite expensive costing up to five times the value of the normal process.

(2)    They suffer more than the normal plants if not provided with the normal requirements.

(3)    They have difficulty finding mates and successfully breeding.

(4)    It can lead to the extinction of some species. For example, a Blue-winged Warbler and a Golden-winged warbler mated and created a new type of bird. The new bird was able to mate with each other and the parental types. There were no signs that the two species were fusing back into one, so it seems that the Blue-winged warbler is replacing the Golden-winged warbler because the other type of bird or the Blue-winged warbler continued mating with other Blue-winged warbler and out-competing the Golden-winged warbler.

(5)    High risk of uncertainty: You may end up losing the original hybrids.


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Best Ways to Improve your Intelligence, Must Read for All Students

Best Ways to Improve your Intelligence, Must Read for All Students

Best ways to Improve Your Intelligence

If you are worried about how to improve your intelligence, or how to develop your intellect/brain towards the acquisition of knowledge, then worry less, you are at the right place. In this mind blowing article, you shall learn the best 30 ways to improve your intelligence. These ways are very simply to understand and to practice. 

Intelligence is the ability to acquire and apply knowledge (or skills). 
It is the common denominator to everything we do in life, and improving your intellect is one of the most important things you can do for yourself.

 So while these 30 tips won’t turn you into Albert Einstein or Steve Jobs, they will help to polish your current intelligence and make your mind work better.

If you’re just looking for something to bump you up on the IQ scale (I personally feel the IQ test is complete rubbish, Intelligence is too vast of a concept to standardize and bring down to mere numbers) these tips according to research will have a positive effect your intelligence quotient.

But keep in mind that there are some psychologists who believe IQ does NOT change over one’s lifetime and then there are some who do.

So I recommend you take everything “intelligence” with a grain of salt and do what feels good for you. 

Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability to climb a tree, it will spend its whole life thinking its stupid. – Einstein

I personally find the following tips very valuable in keeping my mind sharp and I strongly feel that just like a muscle, with practice you can make your mind do amazing and powerful things. 

So, I hope you find the following tips beneficial and that over time you grow your intelligence and unlock the true potential of your mind. Best of luck!

Here are the ways you can increase your intelligence:

  1. Read More – Intelligence begins with reading. The more you will read, the more you will absorb and therefore the more intelligent you will get. Reading here could be of any type as far as it develops the intellect and thus expose the reader to acquisition of new knowledge and belief.
  2. Set Goals – Goals create structure in life and only through proper structure can you increase intelligence. The importance of goal creation is that it will condition your mind to be focus towards achieving the goal set. When an individual sets goals and works towards achieving those goals, he or she ends up learning new things and thus enhancing the condition of the brain.
  3. Meditate – When you meditate you calm your brain. This peace and tranquility is crucial in building intellect. Just as man works and at a certain time,  get tired and rest, so does the brain work and get tired too. It is therefore not advisable to over-stress the brain in any form of acquiring knowledge; when the brain gives signal of tiredness, allow it to rest by relaxing and meditating, or even sleeping for a while just to cool off.
  4. Make Notes – The body remembers by doing. So by making notes on everything you do, you will increase memory and intellect. Notes serve as a reminder to man. At every point, one could easily refer to his or her notes as a reminder. When an individual does this, he or she ends up refreshing the knowledge already gotten before.
  5. Play Sudoku – Playing Sudoku challenges your brain and helps you think logically. It is a brain game and according to the American Alzheimer’s Association and it might help reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s disease. It may sound weird, but there are some brain games that make one to think in order to play better. When one plays these brain games, he or she ends up sharpening his or her brain the more without knowing what is happening.
  6. Stay Hydrated – Our brains depend on proper hydration to function properly. Brain cells require a delicate balance between water and other elements to operate at max efficiency. So try to keep your brain replenished and drink the medically recommended amount of water every day.
  7. Minimize “Bad” Television – Watching TV nowadays with all of its reality shows or just simply watching re-runs is one of the worst things you can do for your intelligence. While it can be relaxing you don`t stimulate your thinking. Try tuning into a documentary or the news every now and then.
  8. Exercise – Exercise keeps your body fine-tuned and energetic; it is a great way to increase your productivity and intelligence. 
  9. Mentally Simplify – Intelligence is the ability to acquire and apply knowledge or skill. So try to unclutter your thoughts and process information one piece at a time. You will find that you will not just be more productive but your mental capacity will increase.
  10. Have a Good Breakfast – You can’t drive a car without fuel. Once you wake up and your tank is empty, eat a hearty breakfast to get yourself going again. Eating a healthy breakfast is directly linked to higher mental performance.

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  11. Eat Yogurt and other “bacteria” – Certain bacteria have been scientifically linked to brain power. So it’s possible that by simply eating yogurt you can promote the growth of neurons.
  12. Get Enough Rest – Imagine your brain like a smartphone. No matter how efficient and wonderful it is, it eventually needs to recharge and shut down. A good night’s rest will do wonders in making you smarter.
  13. Do Math Questions – The only reason people don’t like math is that it requires them to use their brains. By doing the math you exercise your brain and just like a muscle, through exercise it gets stronger and quicker.
  14. Make Connections – Don’t wait for ideas to become clear. Always be on the edge and make connections between things.
  15. Breathe – Oxygen is crucial to the brain and it can’t survive very long deprived of it. You should practice good breathing techniques and give your brain as much as oxygen as it needs. “You don’t need to know all the answers. No one is smart enough to ask you all the questions”. – Unknown
  16. Do Crosswords – Crosswords are very effective in making your brain work and exercise.
  17. Take Breaks – Your brain is just a muscle and overworking it will only cause problems. Take periodic breaks to keep your brain fresh and productive. And never forget to sleep.
  18. Refine Your Thinking – Don’t just think but think about how you are thinking when you think. It’s quite a handful of words, but it works. If you plan out your thinking process you will think more productively.
  19. Eat Brain Food – There are many foods which have been associated with brain health, including dark green vegetables, fish oil, and nuts. Try to incorporate as much as brain food into your diet.
  20. Draw Diagrams and Charts –Try to organize your thoughts using diagrams and charts whenever possible. This reorganization is very helpful in increasing intellect.
  21. Quiz Yourself – To become more intelligent try to always challenge yourself and push your brain to the limits. So if this simply means that by using your opposite hand you are challenging yourself; do it.
  22. Keep Your Brain Working – Your brain should never stop working unless you are sleeping or taking periodic breaks as mentioned above. Keep your brain active, and clicking on all cylinders.
  23. Get a Rubik’s Cube – A Rubik’s cube is a great way to exercise your brain and build intelligence.
  24. Don’t take in too much Sugar – Too much sugar gives your brain short term jolt, but after the sugar rush is over the sugar crash is just not worth it.
  25. Learn to Play an Instrument – Playing an instrument is a great way to increase your intellect. The reasoning behind it is that you’re triple-tasking: listening, reading and playing the instrument.
  26. Work on Vocabulary – If you know more words you will be able to not just acquire more information but will be able to apply it more effectively as well.
  27. Eat throughout the Day – Your brain needs fuel to function. Try to avoid being hungry and keep yourself well fed.
  28. Focus – Intelligence is largely based on how much you can focus at one time. Practice focusing on tasks and avoid distractions.
  29. Listen to Classical Music – According to the “Mozart Effect” by listening to classical music an improvement in productivity is induced.
  30. Don’t Give Up – Anybody can become smarter and improve their intellect so never give up and keep trying.

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